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circuitpython/py/builtinimport.c

490 lines
19 KiB

/*
* This file is part of the Micro Python project, http://micropython.org/
*
* The MIT License (MIT)
*
* Copyright (c) 2013, 2014 Damien P. George
* Copyright (c) 2014 Paul Sokolovsky
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
* AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include "py/nlr.h"
#include "py/compile.h"
#include "py/objmodule.h"
#include "py/persistentcode.h"
#include "py/runtime.h"
#include "py/builtin.h"
#include "py/frozenmod.h"
#if 0 // print debugging info
#define DEBUG_PRINT (1)
#define DEBUG_printf DEBUG_printf
#else // don't print debugging info
#define DEBUG_PRINT (0)
#define DEBUG_printf(...) (void)0
#endif
#define PATH_SEP_CHAR '/'
bool mp_obj_is_package(mp_obj_t module) {
mp_obj_t dest[2];
mp_load_method_maybe(module, MP_QSTR___path__, dest);
return dest[0] != MP_OBJ_NULL;
}
// Stat either frozen or normal module by a given path
// (whatever is available, if at all).
STATIC mp_import_stat_t mp_import_stat_any(const char *path) {
#if MICROPY_MODULE_FROZEN
mp_import_stat_t st = mp_frozen_stat(path);
if (st != MP_IMPORT_STAT_NO_EXIST) {
return st;
}
#endif
return mp_import_stat(path);
}
STATIC mp_import_stat_t stat_file_py_or_mpy(vstr_t *path) {
mp_import_stat_t stat = mp_import_stat_any(vstr_null_terminated_str(path));
if (stat == MP_IMPORT_STAT_FILE) {
return stat;
}
#if MICROPY_PERSISTENT_CODE_LOAD
vstr_ins_byte(path, path->len - 2, 'm');
stat = mp_import_stat_any(vstr_null_terminated_str(path));
if (stat == MP_IMPORT_STAT_FILE) {
return stat;
}
#endif
return MP_IMPORT_STAT_NO_EXIST;
}
STATIC mp_import_stat_t stat_dir_or_file(vstr_t *path) {
mp_import_stat_t stat = mp_import_stat_any(vstr_null_terminated_str(path));
DEBUG_printf("stat %s: %d\n", vstr_str(path), stat);
if (stat == MP_IMPORT_STAT_DIR) {
return stat;
}
// not a directory, add .py and try as a file
vstr_add_str(path, ".py");
return stat_file_py_or_mpy(path);
}
STATIC mp_import_stat_t find_file(const char *file_str, uint file_len, vstr_t *dest) {
#if MICROPY_PY_SYS
// extract the list of paths
size_t path_num;
mp_obj_t *path_items;
mp_obj_list_get(mp_sys_path, &path_num, &path_items);
if (path_num == 0) {
#endif
// mp_sys_path is empty, so just use the given file name
vstr_add_strn(dest, file_str, file_len);
return stat_dir_or_file(dest);
#if MICROPY_PY_SYS
} else {
// go through each path looking for a directory or file
for (mp_uint_t i = 0; i < path_num; i++) {
vstr_reset(dest);
size_t p_len;
const char *p = mp_obj_str_get_data(path_items[i], &p_len);
if (p_len > 0) {
vstr_add_strn(dest, p, p_len);
vstr_add_char(dest, PATH_SEP_CHAR);
}
vstr_add_strn(dest, file_str, file_len);
mp_import_stat_t stat = stat_dir_or_file(dest);
if (stat != MP_IMPORT_STAT_NO_EXIST) {
return stat;
}
}
// could not find a directory or file
return MP_IMPORT_STAT_NO_EXIST;
}
#endif
}
#if MICROPY_ENABLE_COMPILER
STATIC void do_load_from_lexer(mp_obj_t module_obj, mp_lexer_t *lex) {
#if MICROPY_PY___FILE__
qstr source_name = lex->source_name;
mp_store_attr(module_obj, MP_QSTR___file__, MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(source_name));
#endif
// parse, compile and execute the module in its context
mp_obj_dict_t *mod_globals = mp_obj_module_get_globals(module_obj);
mp_parse_compile_execute(lex, MP_PARSE_FILE_INPUT, mod_globals, mod_globals);
}
#endif
#if MICROPY_PERSISTENT_CODE_LOAD || MICROPY_MODULE_FROZEN_MPY
STATIC void do_execute_raw_code(mp_obj_t module_obj, mp_raw_code_t *raw_code) {
#if MICROPY_PY___FILE__
// TODO
//qstr source_name = lex->source_name;
//mp_store_attr(module_obj, MP_QSTR___file__, MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(source_name));
#endif
// execute the module in its context
mp_obj_dict_t *mod_globals = mp_obj_module_get_globals(module_obj);
// save context
mp_obj_dict_t *volatile old_globals = mp_globals_get();
mp_obj_dict_t *volatile old_locals = mp_locals_get();
// set new context
mp_globals_set(mod_globals);
mp_locals_set(mod_globals);
nlr_buf_t nlr;
if (nlr_push(&nlr) == 0) {
mp_obj_t module_fun = mp_make_function_from_raw_code(raw_code, MP_OBJ_NULL, MP_OBJ_NULL);
mp_call_function_0(module_fun);
// finish nlr block, restore context
nlr_pop();
mp_globals_set(old_globals);
mp_locals_set(old_locals);
} else {
// exception; restore context and re-raise same exception
mp_globals_set(old_globals);
mp_locals_set(old_locals);
nlr_jump(nlr.ret_val);
}
}
#endif
STATIC void do_load(mp_obj_t module_obj, vstr_t *file) {
#if MICROPY_MODULE_FROZEN || MICROPY_PERSISTENT_CODE_LOAD || MICROPY_ENABLE_COMPILER
char *file_str = vstr_null_terminated_str(file);
#endif
// If we support frozen modules (either as str or mpy) then try to find the
// requested filename in the list of frozen module filenames.
#if MICROPY_MODULE_FROZEN
void *modref;
int frozen_type = mp_find_frozen_module(file_str, file->len, &modref);
#endif
// If we support frozen str modules and the compiler is enabled, and we
// found the filename in the list of frozen files, then load and execute it.
#if MICROPY_MODULE_FROZEN_STR
if (frozen_type == MP_FROZEN_STR) {
do_load_from_lexer(module_obj, modref);
return;
}
#endif
// If we support frozen mpy modules and we found a corresponding file (and
// its data) in the list of frozen files, execute it.
#if MICROPY_MODULE_FROZEN_MPY
if (frozen_type == MP_FROZEN_MPY) {
do_execute_raw_code(module_obj, modref);
return;
}
#endif
// If we support loading .mpy files then check if the file extension is of
// the correct format and, if so, load and execute the file.
#if MICROPY_PERSISTENT_CODE_LOAD
if (file_str[file->len - 3] == 'm') {
mp_raw_code_t *raw_code = mp_raw_code_load_file(file_str);
do_execute_raw_code(module_obj, raw_code);
return;
}
#endif
// If we can compile scripts then load the file and compile and execute it.
#if MICROPY_ENABLE_COMPILER
{
mp_lexer_t *lex = mp_lexer_new_from_file(file_str);
do_load_from_lexer(module_obj, lex);
return;
}
#endif
// If we get here then the file was not frozen and we can't compile scripts.
nlr_raise(mp_obj_new_exception_msg_varg(&mp_type_ImportError,
"script compilation not supported"));
}
STATIC void chop_component(const char *start, const char **end) {
const char *p = *end;
while (p > start) {
if (*--p == '.') {
*end = p;
return;
}
}
*end = p;
}
mp_obj_t mp_builtin___import__(size_t n_args, const mp_obj_t *args) {
#if DEBUG_PRINT
DEBUG_printf("__import__:\n");
for (mp_uint_t i = 0; i < n_args; i++) {
DEBUG_printf(" ");
mp_obj_print(args[i], PRINT_REPR);
DEBUG_printf("\n");
}
#endif
mp_obj_t module_name = args[0];
mp_obj_t fromtuple = mp_const_none;
mp_int_t level = 0;
if (n_args >= 4) {
fromtuple = args[3];
if (n_args >= 5) {
level = MP_OBJ_SMALL_INT_VALUE(args[4]);
}
}
size_t mod_len;
const char *mod_str = mp_obj_str_get_data(module_name, &mod_len);
if (level != 0) {
// What we want to do here is to take name of current module,
// chop <level> trailing components, and concatenate with passed-in
// module name, thus resolving relative import name into absolute.
// This even appears to be correct per
// http://legacy.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0328/#relative-imports-and-name
// "Relative imports use a module's __name__ attribute to determine that
// module's position in the package hierarchy."
level--;
mp_obj_t this_name_q = mp_obj_dict_get(MP_OBJ_FROM_PTR(mp_globals_get()), MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR___name__));
assert(this_name_q != MP_OBJ_NULL);
#if MICROPY_CPYTHON_COMPAT
if (MP_OBJ_QSTR_VALUE(this_name_q) == MP_QSTR___main__) {
// This is a module run by -m command-line switch, get its real name from backup attribute
this_name_q = mp_obj_dict_get(MP_OBJ_FROM_PTR(mp_globals_get()), MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR___main__));
}
#endif
mp_map_t *globals_map = &mp_globals_get()->map;
mp_map_elem_t *elem = mp_map_lookup(globals_map, MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR___path__), MP_MAP_LOOKUP);
bool is_pkg = (elem != NULL);
#if DEBUG_PRINT
DEBUG_printf("Current module/package: ");
mp_obj_print(this_name_q, PRINT_REPR);
DEBUG_printf(", is_package: %d", is_pkg);
DEBUG_printf("\n");
#endif
size_t this_name_l;
const char *this_name = mp_obj_str_get_data(this_name_q, &this_name_l);
const char *p = this_name + this_name_l;
if (!is_pkg) {
// We have module, but relative imports are anchored at package, so
// go there.
chop_component(this_name, &p);
}
uint dots_seen = 0;
while (level--) {
chop_component(this_name, &p);
dots_seen++;
}
if (dots_seen == 0 && level >= 1) {
// http://legacy.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0328/#relative-imports-and-name
// "If the module's name does not contain any package information
// (e.g. it is set to '__main__') then relative imports are
// resolved as if the module were a top level module, regardless
// of where the module is actually located on the file system."
// Supposedly this if catches this condition and resolve it properly
// TODO: But nobody knows for sure. This condition happens when
// package's __init__.py does something like "import .submod". So,
// maybe we should check for package here? But quote above doesn't
// talk about packages, it talks about dot-less module names.
DEBUG_printf("Warning: no dots in current module name and level>0\n");
p = this_name + this_name_l;
} else if (level != -1) {
mp_raise_msg(&mp_type_ImportError, "invalid relative import");
}
uint new_mod_l = (mod_len == 0 ? (size_t)(p - this_name) : (size_t)(p - this_name) + 1 + mod_len);
char *new_mod = alloca(new_mod_l);
memcpy(new_mod, this_name, p - this_name);
if (mod_len != 0) {
new_mod[p - this_name] = '.';
memcpy(new_mod + (p - this_name) + 1, mod_str, mod_len);
}
qstr new_mod_q = qstr_from_strn(new_mod, new_mod_l);
DEBUG_printf("Resolved base name for relative import: '%s'\n", qstr_str(new_mod_q));
if (new_mod_q == MP_QSTR_) {
mp_raise_ValueError("cannot perform relative import");
}
module_name = MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(new_mod_q);
mod_str = new_mod;
mod_len = new_mod_l;
}
// check if module already exists
qstr module_name_qstr = mp_obj_str_get_qstr(module_name);
mp_obj_t module_obj = mp_module_get(module_name_qstr);
if (module_obj != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
DEBUG_printf("Module already loaded\n");
// If it's not a package, return module right away
char *p = strchr(mod_str, '.');
if (p == NULL) {
return module_obj;
}
// If fromlist is not empty, return leaf module
if (fromtuple != mp_const_none) {
return module_obj;
}
// Otherwise, we need to return top-level package
qstr pkg_name = qstr_from_strn(mod_str, p - mod_str);
return mp_module_get(pkg_name);
}
DEBUG_printf("Module not yet loaded\n");
uint last = 0;
VSTR_FIXED(path, MICROPY_ALLOC_PATH_MAX)
module_obj = MP_OBJ_NULL;
mp_obj_t top_module_obj = MP_OBJ_NULL;
mp_obj_t outer_module_obj = MP_OBJ_NULL;
uint i;
for (i = 1; i <= mod_len; i++) {
if (i == mod_len || mod_str[i] == '.') {
// create a qstr for the module name up to this depth
qstr mod_name = qstr_from_strn(mod_str, i);
DEBUG_printf("Processing module: %s\n", qstr_str(mod_name));
DEBUG_printf("Previous path: =%.*s=\n", vstr_len(&path), vstr_str(&path));
// find the file corresponding to the module name
mp_import_stat_t stat;
if (vstr_len(&path) == 0) {
// first module in the dotted-name; search for a directory or file
stat = find_file(mod_str, i, &path);
} else {
// latter module in the dotted-name; append to path
vstr_add_char(&path, PATH_SEP_CHAR);
vstr_add_strn(&path, mod_str + last, i - last);
stat = stat_dir_or_file(&path);
}
DEBUG_printf("Current path: %.*s\n", vstr_len(&path), vstr_str(&path));
if (stat == MP_IMPORT_STAT_NO_EXIST) {
#if MICROPY_MODULE_WEAK_LINKS
// check if there is a weak link to this module
if (i == mod_len) {
mp_map_elem_t *el = mp_map_lookup((mp_map_t*)&mp_builtin_module_weak_links_map, MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(mod_name), MP_MAP_LOOKUP);
if (el == NULL) {
goto no_exist;
}
// found weak linked module
module_obj = el->value;
} else {
no_exist:
#else
{
#endif
// couldn't find the file, so fail
if (MICROPY_ERROR_REPORTING == MICROPY_ERROR_REPORTING_TERSE) {
mp_raise_msg(&mp_type_ImportError, "module not found");
} else {
nlr_raise(mp_obj_new_exception_msg_varg(&mp_type_ImportError,
"no module named '%q'", mod_name));
}
}
} else {
// found the file, so get the module
module_obj = mp_module_get(mod_name);
}
if (module_obj == MP_OBJ_NULL) {
// module not already loaded, so load it!
module_obj = mp_obj_new_module(mod_name);
// if args[3] (fromtuple) has magic value False, set up
// this module for command-line "-m" option (set module's
// name to __main__ instead of real name). Do this only
// for *modules* however - packages never have their names
// replaced, instead they're -m'ed using a special __main__
// submodule in them. (This all apparently is done to not
// touch package name itself, which is important for future
// imports).
if (i == mod_len && fromtuple == mp_const_false && stat != MP_IMPORT_STAT_DIR) {
mp_obj_module_t *o = MP_OBJ_TO_PTR(module_obj);
mp_obj_dict_store(MP_OBJ_FROM_PTR(o->globals), MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR___name__), MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR___main__));
#if MICROPY_CPYTHON_COMPAT
// Store module as "__main__" in the dictionary of loaded modules (returned by sys.modules).
mp_obj_dict_store(MP_OBJ_FROM_PTR(&MP_STATE_VM(mp_loaded_modules_dict)), MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR___main__), module_obj);
// Store real name in "__main__" attribute. Chosen semi-randonly, to reuse existing qstr's.
mp_obj_dict_store(MP_OBJ_FROM_PTR(o->globals), MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR___main__), MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(mod_name));
#endif
}
if (stat == MP_IMPORT_STAT_DIR) {
DEBUG_printf("%.*s is dir\n", vstr_len(&path), vstr_str(&path));
// https://docs.python.org/3/reference/import.html
// "Specifically, any module that contains a __path__ attribute is considered a package."
mp_store_attr(module_obj, MP_QSTR___path__, mp_obj_new_str(vstr_str(&path), vstr_len(&path), false));
size_t orig_path_len = path.len;
vstr_add_char(&path, PATH_SEP_CHAR);
vstr_add_str(&path, "__init__.py");
if (stat_file_py_or_mpy(&path) != MP_IMPORT_STAT_FILE) {
//mp_warning("%s is imported as namespace package", vstr_str(&path));
} else {
do_load(module_obj, &path);
}
path.len = orig_path_len;
} else { // MP_IMPORT_STAT_FILE
do_load(module_obj, &path);
// This should be the last component in the import path. If there are
// remaining components then it's an ImportError because the current path
// (the module that was just loaded) is not a package. This will be caught
// on the next iteration because the file will not exist.
}
}
if (outer_module_obj != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
qstr s = qstr_from_strn(mod_str + last, i - last);
mp_store_attr(outer_module_obj, s, module_obj);
}
outer_module_obj = module_obj;
if (top_module_obj == MP_OBJ_NULL) {
top_module_obj = module_obj;
}
last = i + 1;
}
}
// If fromlist is not empty, return leaf module
if (fromtuple != mp_const_none) {
return module_obj;
}
// Otherwise, we need to return top-level package
return top_module_obj;
}
MP_DEFINE_CONST_FUN_OBJ_VAR_BETWEEN(mp_builtin___import___obj, 1, 5, mp_builtin___import__);