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Scott Shawcroft 812fe0c93f
Turn on nvm in 3.0.
5 years ago
docs Add four missing drivers 5 years ago
extmod Specifically give a better error message for setlabel on RO fs 5 years ago
frozen Freeze libraries needed by adafruit_circuitplayground library into firmware. 5 years ago
lib Prevent a heap pointer from living on the stack longer than we need. 5 years ago
logo all: Use the name MicroPython consistently in comments 6 years ago
mpy-cross all: Remove inclusion of internal py header files. 5 years ago
ports Turn on nvm in 3.0. 5 years ago
py fix for spaces in path 5 years ago
shared-bindings Turn on nvm in 3.0. 5 years ago
shared-module Add audio output support! 5 years ago
supervisor Fix the status neopixel flashing. 5 years ago
tests Merge pull request #734 from jepler/str-find-backwards-circuitpython 5 years ago
tools Add initial ItsyBitsy M4 support 5 years ago
.gitattributes Speed up the Travis build. 5 years ago
.gitignore add 52840 serial bootloader 5 years ago
.gitmodules Remove freetouch files that were accidentally checked in and 5 years ago
.readthedocs.yml merge from 2.2.0 + fix up board defs 5 years ago
.rosie.yml tools: Always upload to Rosie from Travis. (#200) 6 years ago
.travis.yml Add initial ItsyBitsy M4 support 5 years ago
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Change backer 905 info, replace city with name. 6 years ago Add code of conduct so that expectations on contributor behavior are 6 years ago CONTRIBUTING: delete reference to gitter 5 years ago
LICENSE Add license header to (almost) all files. 9 years ago
README.rst README: delete reference to gitter 5 years ago Merge pull request #659 from tannewt/driver_page_update 5 years ago
license.rst Improve docs and update to CircuitPython. 6 years ago
main.c Fix the status neopixel flashing. 5 years ago


Adafruit CircuitPython


|Build Status| |Doc Status| |Discord|

`Status <#status>`__ \| `Supported Boards <#supported-boards>`__
\| `Download <#download>`__ \|
`Documentation <#documentation>`__ \|
`Contributing <#contributing>`__ \| `Differences from
Micropython <#differences-from-micropython>`__ \| `Project
Structure <#project-structure>`__

**CircuitPython** is an *education friendly* open source derivative of
`MicroPython <>`_. CircuitPython supports use
on educational development boards designed and sold by
`Adafruit <>`_. Adafruit CircuitPython features
unified Python core APIs and a growing list of Adafruit libraries and
drivers of that work with it.


This project is stable. Most APIs should be stable going forward. Those
that change will change on major version numbers such as 2.0.0 and

Supported Boards

Designed for CircuitPython

- `Adafruit CircuitPlayground
Express <>`__
- `Adafruit Feather M0
Express <>`__
- `Adafruit Metro M0 Express <>`__
- `Adafruit Gemma M0 <>`__


- `Adafruit Feather HUZZAH <>`__
- `Adafruit Feather M0
Basic <>`__
- `Adafruit Feather M0 Bluefruit
LE <>`__ (uses M0 Basic
- `Adafruit Feather M0
Adalogger <>`__ (MicroSD card
supported using the `Adafruit CircuitPython SD
library <>`__)
- `Arduino Zero <>`__


Official binaries are available through the `latest GitHub
releases <>`__.
Continuous (one per commit) builds are available
`here <>`__
and includes experimental hardware support.


Guides and videos are available through the `Adafruit Learning
System <>`__ under the `CircuitPython
category <>`__ and
category <>`__. An API
reference is also available on `Read the
Docs <>`__.


` <>`__
for full guidelines but please be aware that by contributing to this
project you are agreeing to the `Code of
Conduct <>`__.
Contributors who follow the `Code of
Conduct <>`__
are welcome to submit pull requests and they will be promptly reviewed
by project admins. Please join the
`Discord <>`__ too.


Differences from `MicroPython <>`__


- includes a port for Atmel SAMD21 (Commonly known as M0 in Adafruit
product names.)
- supports only Atmel SAMD21 and ESP8266 ports.
- tracks MicroPython's releases (not master).


- The order that files are run and the state that is shared between
them. CircuitPython's goal is to clarify the role of each file and
make each file independent from each other.
- ```` (or ````) runs only once on start up before
USB is initialized. This lays the ground work for configuring USB at
startup rather than it being fixed. Since serial is not available,
output is written to ``boot_out.txt``.
- ```` (or ````) is run after every reload until it
finishes or is interrupted. After it is done running, the vm and
hardware is reinitialized. **This means you cannot read state from
```` in the REPL anymore.** CircuitPython's goal for this
change includes reduce confusion about pins and memory being used.
- After ```` the REPL can be entered by pressing any key. It no
longer shares state with ```` so it is a fresh vm.
- Autoreload state will be maintained across reload.
- Adds a safe mode that does not run user code after a hard crash or
brown out. The hope is that this will make it easier to fix code that
causes nasty crashes by making it available through mass storage
after the crash. A reset (the button) is needed after its fixed to
get back into normal mode.


- Unified hardware APIs: `audioio <>`_, `analogio <>`_, `busio <>`_, `digitalio <>`_, `pulseio <>`_, `touchio <>`_, `microcontroller <>`_, `board <>`_, `bitbangio <>`_
- No ``machine`` API on Atmel SAMD21 port.


- No module aliasing. (``uos`` and ``utime`` are not available as
``os`` and ``time`` respectively.) Instead ``os``, ``time``, and
``random`` are CPython compatible.
- New ``storage`` module which manages file system mounts.
(Functionality from ``uos`` in MicroPython.)
- Modules with a CPython counterpart, such as ``time``, ``os`` and
``random``, are strict
`subsets <>`__
of their `CPython
version <>`__.
Therefore, code from CircuitPython is runnable on CPython but not
necessarily the reverse.
- tick count is available as
`time.monotonic() <>`__

atmel-samd21 features

- RGB status LED
- Auto-reload after file write over mass storage. (Disable with
- Wait state after boot and main run, before REPL.
- Main is one of these: ``code.txt``, ````, ````,
- Boot is one of these: ``settings.txt``, ````, ````,


Project Structure

Here is an overview of the top-level source code directories.


The core code of
`MicroPython <>`__ is shared
amongst ports including CircuitPython:

- ``docs`` High level user documentation in Sphinx reStructuredText
- ``drivers`` External device drivers written in Python.
- ``examples`` A few example Python scripts.
- ``extmod`` Shared C code used in multiple ports' modules.
- ``lib`` Shared core C code including externally developed libraries
such as FATFS.
- ``logo`` The MicroPython logo.
- ``mpy-cross`` A cross compiler that converts Python files to byte
code prior to being run in MicroPython. Useful for reducing library
- ``py`` Core Python implementation, including compiler, runtime, and
core library.
- ``shared-bindings`` Shared definition of Python modules, their docs
and backing C APIs. Ports must implement the C API to support the
corresponding module.
- ``shared-module`` Shared implementation of Python modules that may be
based on ``common-hal``.
- ``tests`` Test framework and test scripts.
- ``tools`` Various tools, including the module.


Ports include the code unique to a microcontroller line and also
variations based on the board.

- ``atmel-samd`` Support for SAMD21 based boards such as `Arduino
Zero <>`__, `Adafruit
Feather M0 Basic <>`__, and
`Adafruit Feather M0 Bluefruit
LE <>`__.
- ``bare-arm`` A bare minimum version of MicroPython for ARM MCUs.
- ``cc3200`` Support for boards based
`CC3200 <>`__ from TI such as the
`WiPy 1.0 <>`__.
- ``esp8266`` Support for boards based on ESP8266 WiFi modules such as
the `Adafruit Feather
HUZZAH <>`__.
- ``minimal`` A minimal MicroPython port. Start with this if you want
to port MicroPython to another microcontroller.
- ``pic16bit`` Support for 16-bit PIC microcontrollers.
- ``qemu-arm`` Support for ARM emulation through
`QEMU <>`__.
- ``stmhal`` Support for boards based on STM32 microcontrollers
including the MicroPython flagship
`PyBoard <>`__.
- ``teensy`` Support for the Teensy line of boards such as the `Teensy
3.1 <>`__.
- ``unix`` Support for UNIX.
- ``windows`` Support for
`Windows <>`__.
- ``zephyr`` Support for `Zephyr <>`__, a
real-time operating system by the Linux Foundation.

CircuitPython only maintains the ``atmel-samd`` and ``esp8266`` ports.
The rest are here to maintain compatibility with the
`MicroPython <>`__ parent

`⬆ back to top <#adafruit-circuitpython>`__

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