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circuitpython/py/asmarm.c

368 lines
11 KiB

/*
* This file is part of the Micro Python project, http://micropython.org/
*
* The MIT License (MIT)
*
* Copyright (c) 2014 Fabian Vogt
* Copyright (c) 2013, 2014 Damien P. George
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
* AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "py/mpconfig.h"
// wrapper around everything in this file
#if MICROPY_EMIT_ARM
#include "py/asmarm.h"
#define SIGNED_FIT24(x) (((x) & 0xff800000) == 0) || (((x) & 0xff000000) == 0xff000000)
void asm_arm_end_pass(asm_arm_t *as) {
if (as->base.pass == MP_ASM_PASS_EMIT) {
#ifdef __arm__
// flush I- and D-cache
asm volatile(
"0:"
"mrc p15, 0, r15, c7, c10, 3\n"
"bne 0b\n"
"mov r0, #0\n"
"mcr p15, 0, r0, c7, c7, 0\n"
: : : "r0", "cc");
#endif
}
}
// Insert word into instruction flow
STATIC void emit(asm_arm_t *as, uint op) {
uint8_t *c = mp_asm_base_get_cur_to_write_bytes(&as->base, 4);
if (c != NULL) {
*(uint32_t*)c = op;
}
}
// Insert word into instruction flow, add "ALWAYS" condition code
STATIC void emit_al(asm_arm_t *as, uint op) {
emit(as, op | ASM_ARM_CC_AL);
}
// Basic instructions without condition code
STATIC uint asm_arm_op_push(uint reglist) {
// stmfd sp!, {reglist}
return 0x92d0000 | (reglist & 0xFFFF);
}
STATIC uint asm_arm_op_pop(uint reglist) {
// ldmfd sp!, {reglist}
return 0x8bd0000 | (reglist & 0xFFFF);
}
STATIC uint asm_arm_op_mov_reg(uint rd, uint rn) {
// mov rd, rn
return 0x1a00000 | (rd << 12) | rn;
}
STATIC uint asm_arm_op_mov_imm(uint rd, uint imm) {
// mov rd, #imm
return 0x3a00000 | (rd << 12) | imm;
}
STATIC uint asm_arm_op_mvn_imm(uint rd, uint imm) {
// mvn rd, #imm
return 0x3e00000 | (rd << 12) | imm;
}
STATIC uint asm_arm_op_add_imm(uint rd, uint rn, uint imm) {
// add rd, rn, #imm
return 0x2800000 | (rn << 16) | (rd << 12) | (imm & 0xFF);
}
STATIC uint asm_arm_op_add_reg(uint rd, uint rn, uint rm) {
// add rd, rn, rm
return 0x0800000 | (rn << 16) | (rd << 12) | rm;
}
STATIC uint asm_arm_op_sub_imm(uint rd, uint rn, uint imm) {
// sub rd, rn, #imm
return 0x2400000 | (rn << 16) | (rd << 12) | (imm & 0xFF);
}
STATIC uint asm_arm_op_sub_reg(uint rd, uint rn, uint rm) {
// sub rd, rn, rm
return 0x0400000 | (rn << 16) | (rd << 12) | rm;
}
STATIC uint asm_arm_op_mul_reg(uint rd, uint rm, uint rs) {
// mul rd, rm, rs
assert(rd != rm);
return 0x0000090 | (rd << 16) | (rs << 8) | rm;
}
STATIC uint asm_arm_op_and_reg(uint rd, uint rn, uint rm) {
// and rd, rn, rm
return 0x0000000 | (rn << 16) | (rd << 12) | rm;
}
STATIC uint asm_arm_op_eor_reg(uint rd, uint rn, uint rm) {
// eor rd, rn, rm
return 0x0200000 | (rn << 16) | (rd << 12) | rm;
}
STATIC uint asm_arm_op_orr_reg(uint rd, uint rn, uint rm) {
// orr rd, rn, rm
return 0x1800000 | (rn << 16) | (rd << 12) | rm;
}
void asm_arm_bkpt(asm_arm_t *as) {
// bkpt #0
emit_al(as, 0x1200070);
}
// locals:
// - stored on the stack in ascending order
// - numbered 0 through num_locals-1
// - SP points to first local
//
// | SP
// v
// l0 l1 l2 ... l(n-1)
// ^ ^
// | low address | high address in RAM
void asm_arm_entry(asm_arm_t *as, int num_locals) {
if (num_locals < 0) {
num_locals = 0;
}
as->stack_adjust = 0;
as->push_reglist = 1 << ASM_ARM_REG_R1
| 1 << ASM_ARM_REG_R2
| 1 << ASM_ARM_REG_R3
| 1 << ASM_ARM_REG_R4
| 1 << ASM_ARM_REG_R5
| 1 << ASM_ARM_REG_R6
| 1 << ASM_ARM_REG_R7
| 1 << ASM_ARM_REG_R8;
// Only adjust the stack if there are more locals than usable registers
if (num_locals > 3) {
as->stack_adjust = num_locals * 4;
// Align stack to 8 bytes
if (num_locals & 1) {
as->stack_adjust += 4;
}
}
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_push(as->push_reglist | 1 << ASM_ARM_REG_LR));
if (as->stack_adjust > 0) {
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_sub_imm(ASM_ARM_REG_SP, ASM_ARM_REG_SP, as->stack_adjust));
}
}
void asm_arm_exit(asm_arm_t *as) {
if (as->stack_adjust > 0) {
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_add_imm(ASM_ARM_REG_SP, ASM_ARM_REG_SP, as->stack_adjust));
}
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_pop(as->push_reglist | (1 << ASM_ARM_REG_PC)));
}
void asm_arm_push(asm_arm_t *as, uint reglist) {
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_push(reglist));
}
void asm_arm_pop(asm_arm_t *as, uint reglist) {
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_pop(reglist));
}
void asm_arm_mov_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint reg_dest, uint reg_src) {
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_mov_reg(reg_dest, reg_src));
}
void asm_arm_mov_reg_i32(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, int imm) {
// TODO: There are more variants of immediate values
if ((imm & 0xFF) == imm) {
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_mov_imm(rd, imm));
} else if (imm < 0 && imm >= -256) {
// mvn is "move not", not "move negative"
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_mvn_imm(rd, ~imm));
} else {
//Insert immediate into code and jump over it
emit_al(as, 0x59f0000 | (rd << 12)); // ldr rd, [pc]
emit_al(as, 0xa000000); // b pc
emit(as, imm);
}
}
void asm_arm_mov_local_reg(asm_arm_t *as, int local_num, uint rd) {
// str rd, [sp, #local_num*4]
emit_al(as, 0x58d0000 | (rd << 12) | (local_num << 2));
}
void asm_arm_mov_reg_local(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, int local_num) {
// ldr rd, [sp, #local_num*4]
emit_al(as, 0x59d0000 | (rd << 12) | (local_num << 2));
}
void asm_arm_cmp_reg_i8(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, int imm) {
// cmp rd, #imm
emit_al(as, 0x3500000 | (rd << 16) | (imm & 0xFF));
}
void asm_arm_cmp_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rn) {
// cmp rd, rn
emit_al(as, 0x1500000 | (rd << 16) | rn);
}
void asm_arm_setcc_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint cond) {
emit(as, asm_arm_op_mov_imm(rd, 1) | cond); // movCOND rd, #1
emit(as, asm_arm_op_mov_imm(rd, 0) | (cond ^ (1 << 28))); // mov!COND rd, #0
}
void asm_arm_add_reg_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rn, uint rm) {
// add rd, rn, rm
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_add_reg(rd, rn, rm));
}
void asm_arm_sub_reg_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rn, uint rm) {
// sub rd, rn, rm
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_sub_reg(rd, rn, rm));
}
void asm_arm_mul_reg_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rs, uint rm) {
// rs and rm are swapped because of restriction rd!=rm
// mul rd, rm, rs
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_mul_reg(rd, rm, rs));
}
void asm_arm_and_reg_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rn, uint rm) {
// and rd, rn, rm
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_and_reg(rd, rn, rm));
}
void asm_arm_eor_reg_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rn, uint rm) {
// eor rd, rn, rm
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_eor_reg(rd, rn, rm));
}
void asm_arm_orr_reg_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rn, uint rm) {
// orr rd, rn, rm
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_orr_reg(rd, rn, rm));
}
void asm_arm_mov_reg_local_addr(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, int local_num) {
// add rd, sp, #local_num*4
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_add_imm(rd, ASM_ARM_REG_SP, local_num << 2));
}
void asm_arm_lsl_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rs) {
// mov rd, rd, lsl rs
emit_al(as, 0x1a00010 | (rd << 12) | (rs << 8) | rd);
}
void asm_arm_asr_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rs) {
// mov rd, rd, asr rs
emit_al(as, 0x1a00050 | (rd << 12) | (rs << 8) | rd);
}
void asm_arm_ldr_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rn, uint byte_offset) {
// ldr rd, [rn, #off]
emit_al(as, 0x5900000 | (rn << 16) | (rd << 12) | byte_offset);
}
void asm_arm_ldrh_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rn) {
// ldrh rd, [rn]
emit_al(as, 0x1d000b0 | (rn << 16) | (rd << 12));
}
void asm_arm_ldrb_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rn) {
// ldrb rd, [rn]
emit_al(as, 0x5d00000 | (rn << 16) | (rd << 12));
}
void asm_arm_str_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rm, uint byte_offset) {
// str rd, [rm, #off]
emit_al(as, 0x5800000 | (rm << 16) | (rd << 12) | byte_offset);
}
void asm_arm_strh_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rm) {
// strh rd, [rm]
emit_al(as, 0x1c000b0 | (rm << 16) | (rd << 12));
}
void asm_arm_strb_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rm) {
// strb rd, [rm]
emit_al(as, 0x5c00000 | (rm << 16) | (rd << 12));
}
void asm_arm_str_reg_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rm, uint rn) {
// str rd, [rm, rn, lsl #2]
emit_al(as, 0x7800100 | (rm << 16) | (rd << 12) | rn);
}
void asm_arm_strh_reg_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rm, uint rn) {
// strh doesn't support scaled register index
emit_al(as, 0x1a00080 | (ASM_ARM_REG_R8 << 12) | rn); // mov r8, rn, lsl #1
emit_al(as, 0x18000b0 | (rm << 16) | (rd << 12) | ASM_ARM_REG_R8); // strh rd, [rm, r8]
}
void asm_arm_strb_reg_reg_reg(asm_arm_t *as, uint rd, uint rm, uint rn) {
// strb rd, [rm, rn]
emit_al(as, 0x7c00000 | (rm << 16) | (rd << 12) | rn);
}
void asm_arm_bcc_label(asm_arm_t *as, int cond, uint label) {
assert(label < as->base.max_num_labels);
mp_uint_t dest = as->base.label_offsets[label];
mp_int_t rel = dest - as->base.code_offset;
rel -= 8; // account for instruction prefetch, PC is 8 bytes ahead of this instruction
rel >>= 2; // in ARM mode the branch target is 32-bit aligned, so the 2 LSB are omitted
if (SIGNED_FIT24(rel)) {
emit(as, cond | 0xa000000 | (rel & 0xffffff));
} else {
printf("asm_arm_bcc: branch does not fit in 24 bits\n");
}
}
void asm_arm_b_label(asm_arm_t *as, uint label) {
asm_arm_bcc_label(as, ASM_ARM_CC_AL, label);
}
void asm_arm_bl_ind(asm_arm_t *as, void *fun_ptr, uint fun_id, uint reg_temp) {
// If the table offset fits into the ldr instruction
if (fun_id < (0x1000 / 4)) {
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_mov_reg(ASM_ARM_REG_LR, ASM_ARM_REG_PC)); // mov lr, pc
emit_al(as, 0x597f000 | (fun_id << 2)); // ldr pc, [r7, #fun_id*4]
return;
}
emit_al(as, 0x59f0004 | (reg_temp << 12)); // ldr rd, [pc, #4]
// Set lr after fun_ptr
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_add_imm(ASM_ARM_REG_LR, ASM_ARM_REG_PC, 4)); // add lr, pc, #4
emit_al(as, asm_arm_op_mov_reg(ASM_ARM_REG_PC, reg_temp)); // mov pc, reg_temp
emit(as, (uint) fun_ptr);
}
#endif // MICROPY_EMIT_ARM