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circuitpython/ports/atmel-samd
Scott Shawcroft 66b79723b6 Add code size analysis tool and shrink samd.clock a smidge. 5 years ago
..
asf4@02e264253c atmel-samd: Add rtc module support 5 years ago
asf4_conf atmel-samd/samd21: Enable OSC32K 5 years ago
bindings/samd Add code size analysis tool and shrink samd.clock a smidge. 5 years ago
boards Turn off USB pin objects since they are always used for USB. 5 years ago
common-hal Prevent freezing USB during high frequency PulseIn. 5 years ago
external_flash atmel-samd: Add rotary encoder support. 5 years ago
freetouch@b6859a349e Use merged in FreeTouch 5 years ago
modules Merge commit 'f869d6b2e339c04469c6c9ea3fb2fabd7bbb2d8c' into nrf2_merge 5 years ago
peripherals Wait for the DFLL to be stable. 5 years ago
supervisor Use the external crystal on SAMD21 again. 5 years ago
tools convert wrapper class to just a module 5 years ago
.gitattributes Merge commit 'f869d6b2e339c04469c6c9ea3fb2fabd7bbb2d8c' into nrf2_merge 5 years ago
.gitignore Merge commit 'f869d6b2e339c04469c6c9ea3fb2fabd7bbb2d8c' into nrf2_merge 5 years ago
Makefile atmel-samd: Add rotary encoder support. 5 years ago
README.rst Add clock representation with calibration 5 years ago
audio_dma.c atmel-samd: Re-org helper peripheral files into their own subdirectory. 5 years ago
audio_dma.h Add pause/resume control to AudioOut and I2SOut 5 years ago
background.c Prevent freezing USB during high frequency PulseIn. 5 years ago
background.h Prevent freezing USB during high frequency PulseIn. 5 years ago
board_busses.c atmel-samd: Re-org helper peripheral files into their own subdirectory. 5 years ago
board_busses.h rename to UART 5 years ago
fatfs_port.c Merge commit 'f869d6b2e339c04469c6c9ea3fb2fabd7bbb2d8c' into nrf2_merge 5 years ago
flash_api.c atmel-samd: More USB polish 5 years ago
flash_api.h atmel-samd: More USB polish 5 years ago
internal_flash.c Merge commit 'f869d6b2e339c04469c6c9ea3fb2fabd7bbb2d8c' into nrf2_merge 5 years ago
internal_flash.h Merge commit 'f869d6b2e339c04469c6c9ea3fb2fabd7bbb2d8c' into nrf2_merge 5 years ago
mpconfigport.h Merge pull request #891 from godlygeek/low_flash_errno_fixes 5 years ago
mpconfigport.mk LONGLONG typo 5 years ago
mphalport.c Rename reload_next_character to reload_requested to make it match it's intended use 5 years ago
mphalport.h Merge commit 'f869d6b2e339c04469c6c9ea3fb2fabd7bbb2d8c' into nrf2_merge 5 years ago
qstrdefsport.h Merge commit 'f869d6b2e339c04469c6c9ea3fb2fabd7bbb2d8c' into nrf2_merge 5 years ago
reset.c merge from 2.2.0 + fix up board defs 5 years ago
reset.h atmel-samd: reset: reset() was always entering bootloader mode 5 years ago
tick.c Support M4 5 years ago
tick.h atmel-samd: Add samd21 neopixel support. 5 years ago
usb.c Merge pull request #628 from sommersoft/super_status 5 years ago
usb.h Implement busio.I2c. 5 years ago
usb_mass_storage.c Check usb_busy up front in usb background function. 5 years ago
usb_mass_storage.h atmel-samd: More USB polish 5 years ago

README.rst

SAMD21x18
=========

This port brings MicroPython to SAMD21x18 based development boards under the name
CircuitPython. Supported boards include the Adafruit CircuitPlayground Express,
Adafruit Feather M0 Express, Adafruit Metro M0 Express, Arduino Zero, Adafruit
Feather M0 Basic and Adafruit M0 Bluefruit LE.

Pinout
------

All of the boards share the same core pin functionality but call pins by
different names. The table below matches the pin order in
`the datasheet <http://ww1.microchip.com/downloads/en/DeviceDoc/40001882A.pdf>`_
and omits the pins only available on the largest package because all supported
boards use smaller version.

===================== =============== =========================== ====================== ================ ================== ========================= ================ ================
`microcontroller.pin` `board`
--------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Datasheet arduino_zero circuitplayground_express feather_m0_adalogger feather_m0_basic feather_m0_express gemma_m0 metro_m0_express trinket_m0
===================== =============== =========================== ====================== ================ ================== ========================= ================ ================
PA00 ``ACCELEROMETER_SDA`` ``APA102_MOSI`` ``APA102_MOSI``
PA01 ``ACCELEROMETER_SCL`` ``APA102_SCK`` ``APA102_SCK``
PA02 ``A0`` ``A0`` / ``SPEAKER`` ``A0`` ``A0`` ``A0`` ``A0`` / ``D1`` ``A0`` ``D1`` / ``A0``
PA03
PB08 ``A1`` ``A7`` / ``TX`` ``A1`` ``A1`` ``A1`` ``A1``
PB09 ``A2`` ``A6`` / ``RX`` ``A2`` ``A2`` ``A2`` ``A2``
PA04 ``A3`` ``IR_PROXIMITY`` ``A3`` ``A3`` ``A3`` ``D0`` / ``TX`` / ``SDA`` ``A3``
PA05 ``A4`` ``A1`` ``A4`` ``A4`` ``A4`` ``D2`` / ``RX`` / ``SCL`` ``A4``
PA06 ``D8`` ``A2`` ``D8`` / ``GREEN_LED`` ``NEOPIXEL`` ``D8`` ``D4`` / ``TX``
PA07 ``D9`` ``A3`` ``D9`` ``D9`` ``D9`` ``D9`` ``D3`` / ``RX``
PA08 ``D4`` ``MICROPHONE_DO`` ``D4`` / ``SD_CS`` ``D4`` ``D0`` / ``SDA``
PA09 ``D3`` ``TEMPERATURE`` / ``A9`` ``D3`` ``D2`` / ``SCL``
PA10 ``D1`` / ``TX`` ``MICROPHONE_SCK`` ``D1`` / ``TX`` ``D1`` / ``TX`` ``D1`` / ``TX`` ``D1`` / ``TX`` ``D13``
PA11 ``D0`` / ``RX`` ``LIGHT`` / ``A8`` ``D0`` / ``RX`` ``D0`` / ``RX`` ``D0`` / ``RX`` ``D0`` / ``RX``
PB10 ``MOSI`` ``MOSI`` ``MOSI`` ``MOSI`` ``MOSI``
PB11 ``SCK`` ``SCK`` ``SCK`` ``SCK`` ``SCK``
PA12 ``MISO`` ``REMOTEIN`` / ``IR_RX`` ``MISO`` ``MISO`` ``MISO`` ``MISO``
PA13 ``ACCELEROMETER_INTERRUPT`` ``FLASH_CS``
PA14 ``D2`` ``BUTTON_B`` / ``D5`` ``D2``
PA15 ``D5`` ``SLIDE_SWITCH`` / ``D7`` ``D5`` ``D5`` ``D5`` ``D5``
PA16 ``D11`` ``MISO`` ``D11`` ``D11`` ``D11`` ``D11``
PA17 ``D13`` ``D13`` ``D13`` / ``RED_LED`` ``D13`` ``D13`` ``D13``
PA18 ``D10`` ``D10`` ``D10`` ``D10`` ``D10``
PA19 ``D12`` ``D12`` ``D12`` ``D12`` ``D12``
PA20 ``D6`` ``MOSI`` ``D6`` ``D6`` ``D6`` ``D6``
PA21 ``D7`` ``SCK`` ``D7`` / ``SD_CD`` ``D7``
PA22 ``SDA`` ``SDA`` ``SDA`` ``SDA`` ``SDA``
PA23 ``SCL`` ``REMOTEOUT`` / ``IR_TX`` ``SCL`` ``SCL`` ``SCL`` ``L`` / ``D13`` ``SCL``
PA24
PA25
PB22 ``FLASH_CS``
PB23 ``NEOPIXEL`` / ``D8``
PA27
PA28 ``BUTTON_A`` / ``D4``
PA29
PA30 ``SPEAKER_ENABLE`` ``NEOPIXEL``
PA31
PB02 ``A5`` ``A5`` / ``SDA`` ``A5`` ``A5`` ``A5`` ``A5``
PB03 ``A4`` / ``SCL``
===================== =============== =========================== ====================== ================ ================== ========================= ================ ================

Here is a table about which pins can do what in CircuitPython terms. However,
just because something is listed, doesn't mean it will always work. Existing use
of other pins and functionality will impact your ability to use a pin for your
desired purpose. For example, only certain combinations of SPI pins will work
because they use shared hardware internally.

===================== ======== ========= ========= ======= ======= ======= ========= ========= ======= ========== ========== ========= ========= ========= ============ ======= ======= =========
`microcontroller.pin` `analogio` `audioio` `bitbangio` `busio` `digitalio` `pulseio` `touchio`
--------------------- ------------------- --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------ ---------------- ---------
Datasheet AnalogIn AnalogOut AudioOut I2C OneWire SPI I2C - SDA I2C - SCL OneWire SPI - MISO SPI - MOSI SPI - SCK UART - RX UART - TX DigitalInOut PulseIn PWMOut TouchIn
===================== ======== ========= ========= ======= ======= ======= ========= ========= ======= ========== ========== ========= ========= ========= ============ ======= ======= =========
PA00 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA01 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA02 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA03 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PB08 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PB09 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA04 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA05 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA06 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA07 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA08 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA09 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA10 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA11 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PB10 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PB11 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA12 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA13 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA14 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA15 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA16 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA17 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA18 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA19 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA20 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA21 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA22 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA23 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA24
PA25
PB22 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PB23 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA27 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA28 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA29 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA30 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA31 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PB02 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PB03 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
===================== ======== ========= ========= ======= ======= ======= ========= ========= ======= ========== ========== ========= ========= ========= ============ ======= ======= =========

Setup
-----

An ARM compiler is required for the build, along with the associated binary
utilities. On Ubuntu, these can be installed as follows:

.. code-block:: shell

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-gcc-arm-embedded/ppa
sudo apt-get install gcc-arm-embedded

On Arch Linux the compiler is available for via the package
``arm-none-eabi-gcc``.

For other systems, the `GNU Arm Embedded Toolchain <https://developer.arm.com/open-source/gnu-toolchain/gnu-rm/downloads>`_
may be available in binary form.

The latest available package from team-gcc-arm-embedded is used to produce the
binaries shipped by AdaFruit. Other compiler versions, particularly older
ones, may not work properly. In particular, the ``gcc-arm-none-eabi`` package
in Debian Stretch is too old.

The compiler can be changed using the ``CROSS_COMPILE`` variable when invoking
``make``.

Building
--------

Before building the firmware for a given board, there are two additional steps.
These commands should be executed from the root directory of the repository
(``circuitpython/``).

1. There are various submodules that reside in different repositories. In order
to have these submodules locally, you must pull them into your clone, using:

.. code-block:: shell

git submodule update --init --recursive

2. The MicroPython cross-compiler must be built; it will be used to pre-compile
some of the built-in scripts to bytecode. The cross-compiler is built and
run on the host machine, using:

.. code-block:: shell

make -C mpy-cross


Build commands are run from the ``circuitpython/ports/atmel-samd`` directory.

To build for the Arduino Zero:

.. code-block:: shell

make

To build for other boards you must change it by setting ``BOARD``. For example:

.. code-block:: shell

make BOARD=feather_m0_basic

Board names are the directory names in the `boards <https://github.com/adafruit/circuitpython/tree/master/ports/atmel-samd/boards>`_ folder.

Deploying
---------

Arduino Bootloader
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

If your board has an existing Arduino bootloader on it then you can use bossac
to flash MicroPython. First, activate the bootloader. On Adafruit Feathers you
can double click the reset button and the #13 will fade in and out. Finally,
run bossac:

tools/bossac_osx -e -w -v -b -R build-feather_m0_basic/firmware.bin

No Bootloader via GDB
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

This method works for loading MicroPython onto the Arduino Zero via the
programming port rather than the native USB port.

Note: These instructions are tested on Mac OSX and will vary for different
platforms.

openocd -f ~/Library/Arduino15/packages/arduino/hardware/samd/1.6.6/variants/arduino_zero/openocd_scripts/arduino_zero.cfg

In another terminal from ``micropython/atmel-samd``:

arm-none-eabi-gdb build-arduino_zero/firmware.elf
(gdb) tar ext :3333
...
(gdb) load
...
(gdb) monitor reset init
...
(gdb) continue

Connecting
----------

Serial
^^^^^^

All boards are currently configured to work over USB rather than UART. To
connect to it from OSX do something like this:

screen /dev/tty.usbmodem142422 115200

You may not see a prompt immediately because it doesn't know you connected. To
get one either hit enter to get `>>>` or do CTRL-B to get the full header.

Mass storage
^^^^^^^^^^^^

All boards will also show up as a mass storage device. Make sure to eject it
before resetting or disconnecting the board.

Port Specific modules
---------------------

.. toctree::
bindings/samd/__init__