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SAMD21x18
=========
This port brings MicroPython to SAMD21x18 based development boards under the name
CircuitPython. Supported boards include the Adafruit CircuitPlayground Express,
Adafruit Feather M0 Express, Adafruit Metro M0 Express, Arduino Zero, Adafruit
Feather M0 Basic and Adafruit M0 Bluefruit LE.
Pinout
------
All of the boards share the same core pin functionality but call pins by
different names. The table below matches the pin order in
`the datasheet <http://ww1.microchip.com/downloads/en/DeviceDoc/40001882A.pdf>`_
and omits the pins only available on the largest package because all supported
boards use smaller version.
===================== =============== =========================== ==================== ================ ================== ========================= ================ ================
`microcontroller.pin` `board`
--------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Datasheet arduino_zero circuitplayground_express feather_m0_adalogger feather_m0_basic feather_m0_express gemma_m0 metro_m0_express trinket_m0
===================== =============== =========================== ==================== ================ ================== ========================= ================ ================
PA00 ``ACCELEROMETER_SDA`` ``APA102_MOSI`` ``APA102_MOSI``
PA01 ``ACCELEROMETER_SCL`` ``APA102_SCK`` ``APA102_SCK``
PA02 ``A0`` ``A0`` / ``SPEAKER`` ``A0`` ``A0`` ``A0`` ``A0`` / ``D1`` ``A0`` ``D1`` / ``A0``
PA03
PB08 ``A1`` ``A7`` / ``TX`` ``A1`` ``A1`` ``A1`` ``A1``
PB09 ``A2`` ``A6`` / ``RX`` ``A2`` ``A2`` ``A2`` ``A2``
PA04 ``A3`` ``IR_PROXIMITY`` ``A3`` ``A3`` ``A3`` ``D0`` / ``TX`` / ``SDA`` ``A3``
PA05 ``A4`` ``A1`` ``A4`` ``A4`` ``A4`` ``D2`` / ``RX`` / ``SCL`` ``A4``
PA06 ``D8`` ``A2`` ``D8`` / ``GREEN_LED`` ``NEOPIXEL`` ``D8`` ``D4`` / ``TX``
PA07 ``D9`` ``A3`` ``D9`` ``D9`` ``D9`` ``D9`` ``D3`` / ``RX``
PA08 ``D4`` ``MICROPHONE_DO`` ``D4`` / ``SD_CS`` ``D4`` ``D0`` / ``SDA``
PA09 ``D3`` ``TEMPERATURE`` / ``A9`` ``D3`` ``D2`` / ``SCL``
PA10 ``D1`` / ``TX`` ``MICROPHONE_SCK`` ``D1`` / ``TX`` ``D1`` / ``TX`` ``D1`` / ``TX`` ``D1`` / ``TX`` ``D13``
PA11 ``D0`` / ``RX`` ``LIGHT`` / ``A8`` ``D0`` / ``RX`` ``D0`` / ``RX`` ``D0`` / ``RX`` ``D0`` / ``RX``
PB10 ``MOSI`` ``MOSI`` ``MOSI`` ``MOSI`` ``MOSI``
PB11 ``SCK`` ``SCK`` ``SCK`` ``SCK`` ``SCK``
PA12 ``MISO`` ``REMOTEIN`` / ``IR_RX`` ``MISO`` ``MISO`` ``MISO`` ``MISO``
PA13 ``ACCELEROMETER_INTERRUPT`` ``FLASH_CS``
PA14 ``D2`` ``BUTTON_B`` / ``D5`` ``D2``
PA15 ``D5`` ``SLIDE_SWITCH`` / ``D7`` ``D5`` ``D5`` ``D5`` ``D5``
PA16 ``D11`` ``MISO`` ``D11`` ``D11`` ``D11`` ``D11``
PA17 ``D13`` ``D13`` ``D13`` / ``RED_LED`` ``D13`` ``D13`` ``D13``
PA18 ``D10`` ``D10`` ``D10`` ``D10`` ``D10``
PA19 ``D12`` ``D12`` ``D12`` ``D12`` ``D12``
PA20 ``D6`` ``MOSI`` ``D6`` ``D6`` ``D6`` ``D6``
PA21 ``D7`` ``SCK`` ``D7`` / ``SD_CD`` ``D7``
PA22 ``SDA`` ``SDA`` ``SDA`` ``SDA`` ``SDA``
PA23 ``SCL`` ``REMOTEOUT`` / ``IR_TX`` ``SCL`` ``SCL`` ``SCL`` ``L`` / ``D13`` ``SCL``
PA24
PA25
PB22 ``FLASH_CS``
PB23 ``NEOPIXEL`` / ``D8``
PA27
PA28 ``BUTTON_A`` / ``D4``
PA29
PA30 ``SPEAKER_ENABLE`` ``NEOPIXEL``
PA31
PB02 ``A5`` ``A5`` / ``SDA`` ``A5`` ``A5`` ``A5`` ``A5``
PB03 ``A4`` / ``SCL``
===================== =============== =========================== ==================== ================ ================== ========================= ================ ================
Here is a table about which pins can do what in CircuitPython terms. However,
just because something is listed, doesn't mean it will always work. Existing use
of other pins and functionality will impact your ability to use a pin for your
desired purpose. For example, only certain combinations of SPI pins will work
because they use shared hardware internally.
===================== ======== ========= ========= ======= ======= ======= ========= ========= ======= ========== ========== ========= ========= ========= ============ ======= ======= =========
`microcontroller.pin` `analogio` `audioio` `bitbangio` `busio` `digitalio` `pulseio` `touchio`
--------------------- ------------------- --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------ ---------------- ---------
Datasheet AnalogIn AnalogOut AudioOut I2C OneWire SPI I2C - SDA I2C - SCL OneWire SPI - MISO SPI - MOSI SPI - SCK UART - RX UART - TX DigitalInOut PulseIn PWMOut TouchIn
===================== ======== ========= ========= ======= ======= ======= ========= ========= ======= ========== ========== ========= ========= ========= ============ ======= ======= =========
PA00 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA01 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA02 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA03 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PB08 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PB09 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA04 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA05 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA06 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA07 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA08 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA09 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA10 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA11 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PB10 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PB11 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA12 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA13 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA14 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA15 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA16 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA17 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA18 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA19 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA20 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA21 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA22 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA23 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA24
PA25
PB22 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PB23 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA27 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA28 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA29 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA30 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PA31 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PB02 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
PB03 **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** **Yes**
===================== ======== ========= ========= ======= ======= ======= ========= ========= ======= ========== ========== ========= ========= ========= ============ ======= ======= =========
Setup
-----
Install required compiler packages:
.. code-block:: shell
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-gcc-arm-embedded/ppa
sudo apt-get install gcc-arm-embedded
Building
--------
To build for the Arduino Zero:
.. code-block:: shell
make
To build for other boards you must change it by setting ``BOARD``. For example:
.. code-block:: shell
make BOARD=feather_m0_basic
Board names are the directory names in the `boards <https://github.com/adafruit/circuitpython/tree/master/atmel-samd/boards>`_ folder.
Deploying
---------
Arduino Bootloader
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
If your board has an existing Arduino bootloader on it then you can use bossac
to flash MicroPython. First, activate the bootloader. On Adafruit Feathers you
can double click the reset button and the #13 will fade in and out. Finally,
run bossac:
tools/bossac_osx -e -w -v -b -R build-feather_m0_basic/firmware.bin
No Bootloader via GDB
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
This method works for loading MicroPython onto the Arduino Zero via the
programming port rather than the native USB port.
Note: These instructions are tested on Mac OSX and will vary for different
platforms.
openocd -f ~/Library/Arduino15/packages/arduino/hardware/samd/1.6.6/variants/arduino_zero/openocd_scripts/arduino_zero.cfg
In another terminal from ``micropython/atmel-samd``:
arm-none-eabi-gdb build-arduino_zero/firmware.elf
(gdb) tar ext :3333
...
(gdb) load
...
(gdb) monitor reset init
...
(gdb) continue
Connecting
----------
Serial
^^^^^^
All boards are currently configured to work over USB rather than UART. To
connect to it from OSX do something like this:
screen /dev/tty.usbmodem142422 115200
You may not see a prompt immediately because it doesn't know you connected. To
get one either hit enter to get `>>>` or do CTRL-B to get the full header.
Mass storage
^^^^^^^^^^^^
All boards will also show up as a mass storage device. Make sure to eject it
before resetting or disconnecting the board.
Port Specific modules
---------------------
.. toctree::
bindings/samd/__init__