This PR refines the _bleio API. It was originally motivated by
the addition of a new CircuitPython service that enables reading
and modifying files on the device. Moving the BLE lifecycle outside
of the VM motivated a number of changes to remove heap allocations
in some APIs.
It also motivated unifying connection initiation to the Adapter class
rather than the Central and Peripheral classes which have been removed.
Adapter now handles the GAP portion of BLE including advertising, which
has moved but is largely unchanged, and scanning, which has been enhanced
to return an iterator of filtered results.
Once a connection is created (either by us (aka Central) or a remote
device (aka Peripheral)) it is represented by a new Connection class.
This class knows the current connection state and can discover and
instantiate remote Services along with their Characteristics and
Relates to #586
Also, move the rendering setup code to shared-module from
In CP 5.0, displayio_display_core_set_region_to_update now starts
its own transaction, so it has to be moved outside of the transaction
started by the render call.